The unsung hero of 1962 war – Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat

In 1962 Indo-China war, when the troops of Garhwal Rifles were given the command to return back from Battle of Nuranang, a Braveheart from Uttarakhand refused to leave the battle ground. He held the post and gave a tough time to Chinese soldiers with his dare-devilry. It is said that the brave Indian soldier had slain 300 Chinese soldiers with his rifle. But when the Chinese army got the hint that it was not a massive army, but a lone soldier who was holding the post, they decided to retaliate with a vengeance. In the battle between the Chinese troops, Jaswant was outnumbered and realizing that his capture was imminent, he shot himself. The Chinese battalion was so furious of this Indian soldier that they chopped his head off and took it with them. Later a ceasefire took place between India and China. The Chinese army was so amazed by his courage that they returned the head of the soldier back to Indian army along with a brass bust in honour of this brave soldier.

Photo of Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat, 4 Garhwal Rifles
Photo of Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat, 4 Garhwal Rifles

Who was this soldier whose courage struck a terror in hearts of enemies? This soldier was Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat who was equal to a battalion and made his mark by resisting the attack of more than 300 Chinese soldiers. More than 40 years have passed, but people still believe that the spirit of Rifleman Jaswant Singh still guards the Indian posts. He is no less than a saintly figure for Indian soldiers and the residents of Uttarakhand. When I read the story of this dare devil, I couldn’t resist myself from narrating this story of Jaswant.

Statue of Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat
Statue of Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat

According to military records, Jaswant Singh Rawat along with Trilok Singh Negi and Gopal Singh Gusain was guarding the post. These 3 soldiers fell short to the massive army of Chinese. But still in this odd hour, these 3 soldiers gave a tough fight to the Chinese army in which 300 Chinese soldiers were killed. But this battle also claimed the lives of these 3 Indian soldiers. It is also said that Jaswant Singh was court martialled from the army for not following the orders of retreating back.

Pic of Jaswant garh, the war memorial of Jaswant Singh
Pic of Jaswant garh, the war memorial of Jaswant Singh

As per the local legend, Jaswant Singh Rawat refrained from leaving his post and decided to single handedly confront the gigantic Chinese army. He was helped by two local Monpa girls – Sela and Nura who set up weapons at different places, creating an illusion that Indian soldiers were massive in numbers. Jaswant Singh Rawat along with Sela and Nura used to run at different spots and fire at the enemies. The attack of Jaswant was proving fatal for Chinese. They were clueless about the size of Indian army. But a betrayal proved fatal for Jaswant. The person who was supplying rations to Jaswant was caught by Chinese and he revealed all the details of Jaswant Singh Rawat and his two comrades – Sela and Nura. Jaswant’s life was about to come to end. With a vengeance, the Chinese army retaliated in which Sela was killed in a grenade burst. Legends also says that Sela died by jumping off from the cliff to avoid getting captured by Chinese. Sela had an emotional corner for Jaswant and it was her love for Jaswant that she fought till her last breath. In this battle for nation, even Nura was killed by the Chinese. Jaswant fought with the Chinese army, but this time the luck was not in his favor. He was killed by the Chinese soldiers.

The rifle of Jaswant Singh Rawat is stored safely in his war memorial
The rifle of Jaswant Singh Rawat is stored safely in his war memorial

The post where Jaswant fought his last battle is now named as Jaswant Garh. Rifleman Jaswant is known as Baba Jaswant Singh Rawat. His personal belongings are still kept safe even today at Jaswant Garh. Five soldiers are specially assigned to take care of Jaswant Singh’s room. Though the room is empty, soldiers place the morning bed tea at 4.30 AM, prepare breakfast at 9 am and dinner at 7 pm. According to army sources, it is discovered that bed sheets of his room are found crumpled and his clothes lay scattered in the room. The people of army still believe that Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat still guards the post as a spirit and is been guiding Indian soldiers in dreams. He is the only soldier who is promoted to post of Major general after his death. His salary is credited every month and most strange of all, he is even granted official leaves.

A group photo of soldiers of Garhwal Rifles (Jaswant Singh Rawat can be seen second from left)
A group photo of soldiers of Garhwal Rifles (Jaswant Singh Rawat can be seen second from left)

His popularity has rose to such enormity that countless people come to Jaswant Garh to pay their respects to this Braveheart who had single handedly taken on massive Chinese army. There are several versions connected to story of Jaswant Singh Rawat. Whatever may be versions of his story, one cannot doubt his courage and sacrifice he made for India and still continues to safeguard Indian post even as a spirit.

A board at Jaswant Garh reflecting the emotions of our Indian soldiers
A board at Jaswant Garh reflecting the emotions of our Indian soldiers

His story will be a subject of a movie which is being produced by Rakesh Omprakash Mehra. The biopic on Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat is in scripting stage and the shooting is soon expected to start.

The saddest part is that Jaswant Singh Rawat was not awarded ‘Paramvir Chakra’ for his valor and his story is slowly fading from the memories of Indians. I hope someday that I will travel to Nuranang in Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh where lies the war memorial – Jaswant Garh which is built to remind us of a forgotten hero named Jaswant. Through this story, I also want to pay my respect to Sela and Nura who fought along with Jaswant and made their supreme sacrifice.

Sela Pass is dedicated in memory of Sela who helped Jaswant Singh while fighting with Chinese
Sela Pass is dedicated in memory of Sela who helped Jaswant Singh while fighting with Chinese

Today business tycoons, politicians and celebrities spend lakhs of money lavishly on their children’s wedding where on the other side a war widow stills wait for the pension of 3000 Rs from the government. Irony is that today’s young mass is ready to sell its kidney for I Phone costing around lacs but is not even ready to drop a 100 Rs note in national defence fund. There are countless Indian soldiers who are rotting as prisoners of war but still there is no attempt made by government to free the soldiers. People cheer up and whistle for cricketers and movie stars but never shed a tear for the forgotten war heroes like Jaswant Singh Rawat.

As long as courageous stories are told by grandmothers to kids, the story of Jaswant Singh Rawat will be told with pride.


28 Comments Add yours

  1. Zoeb Matin says:

    Brilliant as always…it was really, really compelling to read about the real-life heroic feats of a real-life sniper and not of one as shown in most war action films… These things really happened and these brave and gallant snipers did their utmost best to make sure that the enemy suffered big setbacks and always got delayed from laying claim to our land and heritage.

    The article is indeed very thrilling and meticulously recreated…one can almost visualize the frenetic fury of battle in the mountains, the timeless sacrifices, the great point-blank hits as well as the shocking betrayal that resulted into tragedy and martyrdom,,,well done, Prashant

  2. Thanks Zoeb for your encouraging comments. It was a great honour writing on these war heroes. I regret that I came to know about this story very late. When I read this story, I knew I wanted to tell this story through my words. Soldiers like Jaswant are legends who are only born once. I am also looking forward to cover the story of Rezang la war and Saragarhi battle in my blog very soon. I want this story to reach out to maximum of Indians.

    Jai Hind

  3. tushar8668 says:

    Nice work Prashant…I was truly not aware about this unsung Hero..Thanks & keep it up. You doing good job as always!!

  4. Chetan J. Somaiya says:

    Good one! Thanks for sharing.

  5. Abhi says:

    Really a nice one Prashant. A great effort to unearthed the story of Martyrs.

    Definitely going to share it.

    Keep it Up.!!

  6. MONESH says:

    Sleuthing the bravely. Thanks for narrating beautiful way. Monezh

  7. great ! we need to remember our hero’s and you are just doing the right thing dear! Jai Hind!

  8. Vishal khanna says:

    I am so touched by reading the above article that I am truly impressed by the bravery of this
    Man and truly believe now we are here in this world for a reason for a karma, He was sent by god to save his motherland and he did it. I wish every Indian soldier fights for our country like this and may GOD be with him to save him.
    O god pl save our Country.

  9. Saurabh Kumar das says:

    Thanks buddy for letting the people know. I love my country. Jai hind

    1. Prashant says:

      Thanks for your encouraging words

  10. Ravi Sathe says:

    I was privileged to visit Jaswant Gadh early this month. I saw the memorial and shelters from which Shahid Jaswant Singh ji and Sela and Nura engaged invading Chinese troops and halted their otherwise unopposed advance for 3 days. Being a young boy of impressionable age in 1962 my heart was always filled with pride hearing stories of exceptional courage and valor of Indian soldiers in the face of unimaginable odds. Ever today my eyes fill up with tears whenever I hear “Aye mere watan ke logon” by Lataji. Can you believe Indian soldiers were thrown in the battle in sub zero temperatures with only PT shoes and no warm clothings. Well, after reading the story of Shahid Jaswant Singhji I feel he not only should have been given PVC instead of MVC, the two girls Sela and Nura’s next of kins should also have been suitably decorated and compensated. I feel sad that the supreme sacrifice by the girls has gone unnoticed.

    1. Prashant says:

      Thanks for reading the article on the great soldier Jaswant SIngh. He never got the due he deserved. He should have been awarded param vir chakra. Salutations to the unsung brave hearts Sela and Nura. Their courageous feat is lost somewhere in pages of history. This article is a tribute to the real heroes.

  11. nitrusoxide says:

    Jai Hind.

  12. vineethsoman says:

    Jai Hind

    1. prashantb says:

      Jai Hind

  13. Dencil says:

    Salute…Jai hind….

  14. Natasha P says:

    I visited The place few days back, I couldn’t hold my tears.
    Respect to those mothers who had hold these patriotic souls in them.
    Salute to those girls who selflessly fought for the nation!
    Today my heart aches when I read news of melanging women’s dignity somewhere in the corner of the newspaper every next day
    We need to implant the vigour of Sela and Nura in the heart of our country women!
    Jai hind!

    1. prashantb says:

      Thanks for this encouraging feedback for the article of rifle man jaswant singh and sela and nura.

  15. Shraddha Rahul bhalerao says:

    Tysm sir for sharing such a pure knowledge… Jaswant Singh’s bravery and passion towards India amazed all of us…..jaihind

  16. Riyazuddin Ahmed says:

    salute to mahaveer jaswant singh rawat. really prersons like you have existed since to help survival of ‘ours’.

  17. Harshal Trivedi says:

    A great salute..your story made us cry and feel proud to have soldiers like you Mr. Rawat. We miss you..

    1. prashantb says:

      Thanks a million for the comments and for reading the story of great soldier Jaswant Singh Rawat

  18. Krishn says:

    Tomorrow the movie will b released
    72hrs A martyr who never dies
    This is a movie in which a SEPOYs story will b told….hero will not b an officer rank one…
    Very very good

    1. prashantb says:

      Thanks for the comments. Finally there’s a movie coming on Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat.

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